Essay on Nationalism
As Americans, we’re always inspired to be patriotic. We’re advised to assist our troops and our authorities, and we plaster our automobiles with flags and stickers that reward our nation. This patriotism is solely a side of nationalism, an ideology that developed in Europe within the eighteenth century. Many circumstances of recent life aided within the improvement of nationalism. However, the emergence of print know-how had, maybe, the best impact. The reliance of recent societies on printed supplies led to the event of nationalism in 3 ways: it helped to create and standardize nationwide languages, it created in individuals a way of time and historical past, and it led individuals to the belief that they have been related in sure methods to different individuals, together with these whom they’d by no means identified.
Nationalism is the concept members of a nation share sure commonalities. Members of a nation imagine that they’re related to different members of that nation, even these they by no means have or will know, by the issues they share: a typical language, a typical grievance about their political system, a typical existence in a time frame, and many others.
The first impact that the institution of a print tradition had on the rise of nationalism was the event of standardized nationwide languages. These languages, identified to us right now as English, French, Spanish, and many others., led individuals to seek out one commonality among the many different members of their nation: a shared type of communication. In his guide, Imagined Communities, Benedict Anderson asserts that the heightened manufacturing of print supplies introduced on by capitalism helped to create these nationwide languages (43). Prior to this contemporary language improvement, there have been solely two classifications of language: Latin and vernacular. Latin was utilized in spiritual texts and among the many educated. Vernacular was the language of the widespread individuals of particular person territories and was fragmented by varied dialects. The emergence of a print tradition created a regular among the many dialects, thus permitting individuals from separate ends of a nation to speak with one another.
The second impact that the institution of a print tradition had on the rise of nationalism was the creation in individuals a way of time and historical past. Prior texts, such because the Bible, portrayed time as stagnant and historical past as nonexistent. The rise of nationalism adopted the looks of sure books that gave individuals a way of chronology-the books have been written in chronological order. Additionally, they gave individuals a way of historical past by means of flashbacks by characters, or by the looks of an outdated guide. Old books that had yellowing pages and dry-rotting covers have been tell-tale indicators of a guide’s age. Therefore, individuals shared one other commonality-their existence in a typical time frame (26-27).
The third impact that the emergence of a print know-how had on the rise of nationalism was the acknowledgement that members of a nation shared sure commonalities. In José Joaquín Fernandez de Lizardi’s novel, El Periquillo Sarniento, sure features of colonial Mexico are satirized. This novel connects all Mexicans of that point interval by displaying them that they share a typical opinion on sure features of their tradition. Therefore, individuals have been related to different members of a nation by their widespread beliefs and opinions (29-30).
Prior to the rise of nationalism, individuals seen themselves extra as particular person entities than as members of a group. The emergence of a print tradition led to the rise of nationalism as a result of it allowed individuals to know that issues they can not see nonetheless exist. Even although one could not know all the residents that belong to their nation, they know they exist, they usually know that they share a typical language, a typical existence in a simultaneous time interval, and sure widespread opinions and beliefs. Thus, nationalism was born.